Disaster Management

Abstract

Disaster management is nowadays gaining huge popularity in management especially strategic management as it deals with coping up with any unintended or natural disaster. It provides a cushion to the organization when they have to face any disaster thus it is very important to know about this phenomenon. Those who are interested to know this must read the following:

Disaster management is a process or strategy that is implemented when any type of disastrous or calamitous event takes place. It is sometimes referred to as disaster recovery management. This overall process commences when anything threatens to upset normal operations or lay lives of human beings at risk.

One of the essential elements of disaster management involves defining the types of calamities that could possibly disrupt the day to day operation of a city, town, business, or country which may either be natural or artificially created. Identifying those potential disasters makes it possible to create contingency plans, assemble supplies, and create procedures that can be initiated when disaster comes to pass. A good comprehensive disaster management plan should cover a wide range of possibilities that can easily be adapted in the event one disaster sets off a chain reaction of other types of disasters in its wake. (Peter J.)

Disaster management plans are multi-layered and are aimed to address such issues as floods, hurricanes, fires, bombings, and even mass failures of utilities or the rapid spread of disease. The disaster plan is likely to address such as important matters as relinquishing people from an impacted region, arranging temporary housing, food, and medical care. It is not unusual for the plan to also work toward containing and possibly counterbalancing the root causes of the disaster if at all possible.

A competent disaster plan will include the quick setup of alternative communication capabilities such as using short wave transmissions that are supported with satellite technology and not relying on the various switches, towers and hubs that are usually part of telephone and cellular communication networks so that the communication flow can continue from the  effected area to other points where aid can be extended when and as possible. (Stephen M.)

As part of the crisis management component of a disaster plan, it is required to develop some type of disaster kit. The kit should include food and clothing for people who have experienced flooding or extensive damage from a hurricane or tornado. Kits may also include basic medication to help with headaches, fevers, and other minor ailments. In some cases, the kits may include items such as sleeping bags or other necessities that will help displaced persons to cope with the after effects of the disaster. Moreover, sometimes psychologists are also required to be incorporated with the team to help affectees to muster up courage to deal with the future.

Creating an effective disaster management plan is easier to develop and hence must be developed and refined periodically as many nations have learned, what were thought to be comprehensive emergency plans turned out to be partially effective at best. Therefore their refinement must be carried out so that they can operate with more speed and efficiency.

 

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